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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO World Heritage Site in India

The United Nation Education Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites are important places of cultural and natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World heritage convention established in 1972 (Parish, France). There are 38 UNESCO world heritage sites in India.
I. 30 Cultural sites
II. 7 Natural sites
III. One mixed criteria sites.
India is the sixth-largest number of sites in the World, followed by
1. Italy- 55
2. China- 55
3. Spain- 48
4. Germany- 46
5. France- 45

NO Name Image Region Description
1 Ajanta Caves Aurangabad, District of Maharashtra
  • The Ajanta Caves are 30 Rock-cut Buddhist Cave monument which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE.
  • Declared: In 1983
  • Protected by: Archeological Survey of India
  • The cave at Ajanta are all Buddhist.
  • Built in two phases. The first was Emperor Ashoka, the second 5th and 6th centuries AD of the Gupta period.
2 Ellora Caves Aurangabad, District of Maharashtra
  • In the year 1983
  • Monolithic Caves
  • One of the largest Rock-cut monastery temple cave complex in the world, featuring Buddhist, Jain and Hindu monuments.
  • Artwork from the 600-1000 BCE period.
  • Rastrakuta Dynasty constructed part of Hindu and Buddhist caves, Yadava dynasty constructed Jain caves.
3 Agra Fort Agra, Uttar Pradesh
  • In 1983, the Agra fort has been inscribed as UNESCO world Heritage
  • Build by Akbar the great in 1565-1573
4 Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh
  • In the year 1983, under category as a cultural property
  • Build by Shah Jahan in 17th century in the memory of his 3rd wife BeganMumtaz Mahal
5 Sun Temple (Black Pagoda) Puri, Odisha
  • In the year 1984
  • 24 wheels and 6 horses shown
  • Constructed by king Narashimhadeva-1, Ganga dynasty in 13rh century.
6 Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu
  • In the year 1984
  • Build 7th and 8th century by Pallab Raj Narasimhabarman.
  • Monument has been carried out of rock along the coromondal coast in Tamil Nadu. The temple town approximately forty monuments including the largest open air bar relief in the world.
  • It has made up very famous rath like Dharmaraj rath, Droupadi rath, Arjun rath and Vhim rath.
7 Kaziranga National Park Assam
  • In the year 1985
  • Beside Brambhaputra River's south Bank
  • Has two-thired of the world great one-horned Rhinoceroses live
  • Established in 1908 and declared a National park in 1974 by Indira Gandhi.
8 Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • Build by Raja Jay Singh-II between 1927 to 1934.
9 Red Fort Complex Delhi
  • Every year Prime Minister lecture
  • Build by Shah Jahan in 17th century
  • Having a blend of Persian, Timuri and Indian architectural style.
  • Complex area covered 120 acres.
10 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat
  • n the year 2004.
11 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Mumbai, Maharashtra
  • In the year 2004.
  • Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, headquarters of Central railway zone.
  • Designed by: Fredrick William Stevens (1878-1888)
12 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Vindhya Range of hills, Madhya Pradesh
  • Comprise a group of five clusters of rock shelters with panting that are inferred to date from the Mesolithic period right through to the historical period.
13 Mahabodhi Temple Bodh Gaya, Bihar
  • The first Temple was build by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century, Bodhi Tree.
  • The structure have been build by bricks.
14 Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand
  • In the Year 1988
  • Also known as Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve, is situated in Nanda Devi peak.

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