Jobs Update and Preparation

Most Important Reforms or Act in Indian History

 Name of the Reforms / Act

 Year

 During the term of Governor

 Significance

 Prohibition of Sati & Female infanticide

1829 

Lord William Bentick 

Support by Raja Rammohan Rai.

 Doctrine of Lapse

1848 

Lord Dalhousie 

Adoption of sons by ruler in the absence of their natural heirs was banned.

 Widow Remarriage Act

1856 

Lord Canning 

Support by Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, Legalized the marriage of Hindi widow.

Indian Council Act 

 1861

Lord Canning 

With the administration of higher level envisaged association of Indians. 

Ilbert Bill 

1883 

Lord Ripon 

To brings Indians and European magistracy on equal footing.

 Indian Council Act

1892 

Lord Landsdown 

Membership of central legislative council was enlarged. 

Morle-Minto Reforms 

1909 

Lord Minto II 

Separate electorates between Hindu and Muslims. 

Montegu-Chelmford Reforms 

1919 

Lord Chelmsford 

Dyarchy (dual government system) was introduced at Provincial level. 

 Jallianwala Bagh Masscare

1919 

Lord Chelmsford 

Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar by General Dayer with Sandha Act.

Rowlatt Act 

1919 

Lord Chelmsford 

Gives the extraordinary power to suppress the freedom struggle with General Dyer as the commandant. 

 Simon Commission

1928 

 Lord Irwin

To report of the reforms, recommended dyarchy in provinces, India to be constituted as a federation and Instantiation of armed forces. 

Gandhi-Irwin Pact 

1931 

 Lord Irwin

Congress called off the agitation and agreed to participate the second Round table conference. 

Communal Award 

 1932

Lord Willingdon 

Envisaged communal representation for depress classes besides Hindu, Muslim and Sikhs. Poona Pact comes (Gandhi with Ambedkar). 

Separate electorates 

1932 

Lord Willingdon 

same as Communal Award

 Government of India Act

1935 

Lord Willingdon 

Provide a federal type of constitution, Dyarchy at the Centre.

 Cripps Mission

1942 

Lord Linlithgow 

Proposed Domination status of India after second World War. 

 INA Trial

1945 

Lord Wavell 

INA prisoners of war were trialed at Red Fort, Delhi and Bhulanhai Desai defended them. 

Wavell Plan 

1945 

Lord Wavell 

Envisaged constitution of executive council in such a way that to give representation to all major communities in India. 

 Cabinet Mission Plan

1946 

Lord Wavell 

Envisaged establishment of Constitution assembly to frame the Constitution. 

 Mountbatten Plan

1947 

Lord Mountbatten

Partition Plan  

 Indian Independence Act

1947 

Lord Mountbatten  

India Partition and attained  independence. 


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