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The Khilji Dynasty

 THE KHILJI DYNASTY ( 1290-1320 AD ) - 30 years

1. Jalaluddin Khilji ( 1290-1296 ) - Founder of Khilji Dynasty - 6 years

2. Allauddin Khilji ( 1296-1316 AD ) - 20 years

3. Mubarak Khan ( 1316-1320 AD ) - 4 years

4. Khusrau Khan -1320 AD

Jalaluddin Khilji is the founder of Khilji Dynasty in 1290 and ruled only 6 years. 

ALLAUDDIN KHILJI ( 1296-1316 AD) - 20 years

1. Nephew and son in law of Jalaluddin Khilji.

2. 1296- Allauddin killed Jalaluddin and came to throne.

3.     4 Administrative reforms or 4 Ordinances :-

  • Free grand of land related to Religious purpose.
  • Reorganized the spy system.
  • Prohibition use of Win.
  • Nobles: Should not have social gathering and they should not inter cast or Religion marriage without the King Permission.
4. He sought to fix cost of all commodities for the purpose he set up 3 Market at DELHI

  • Food Grains: Like wheat, Rice, Maize, cotton etc.
  • Costly Clothes
  • Slave, Horses, Cattle
Each market was under the control of high officer called SHAHNA, who maintained a register of the merchant and strictly controlled the shopkeeper and the prices.

5. Check of the market was kept by two officers:

                i) Diwan-i-Riyasat

                ii) Shahba-i-Mond

6. All goods for sale were brought to an open market called "Sara-i-Adal"

7. Allauddin Capture:

  • 1298 - Gujrat
  • 1301 - Ranthambore
  • 1303 - Mewar ( Rajasthan ) - Raja Ratan Singh - Wife Padmabati
  • 1305 - Malwa ( MP )
  • 1311 - Jalore ( Raj )
8. In DECCAN - MALIK KAFUR led the Alauddin Army and defeated :

  • Ram Chandra ( Yadav Ruler of Warangel )
  • Pratap Rudradera ( Kakatiya Ruler of Warangel )
  • Vir Ballal -III ( Hoyasala Ruler of Dwarsamudra )
  • Vir Pandaya ( Pandya Ruler of Madurai )
9. He was the first TURKISH SULTAN OF DELHI, who separated Religion from Politics. He proclaimed - "Kingship known no Kingship" 

10. He introduce the system of DAGH ( The branding of horse ) and CHEHRA ( Description Roll of Soldiers )

11. Allauddin order that all the land was to be measured and then share of state was to be fixed.

12. MUSTAKHA RAJ - Post of special officer was created for the purpose "Collection of Revenue"

13. The peasant pay their land revenue of their Production.

14. Historical Movement:

  • Alai Fort ( Raj )
  • Alai Darwaja ( The entrance gate of Qutub Minar )
  • Hazar Sutun - Place of thousands pillars ( Location Delhi but did not exist today )
15. He was a patron or supporter of art and Learning.

16. AMIR KHUSRAU - The poet, musician was his favourite court poet.

17. 1316 - After death of Allauddin, Malik Kafur called HAJARDINARI seize the throne. Before Kafur died the nominated SHIHABUDDIN ( Allauddin 6 years old Prince ) as King but imprisoned the eldest Princes Mubarak Khan.

18. Kafur was killed by the Loyalists of the Royal family of Allauddin.


MUBARAK KHAN ( 1316-1320 ) - 4 years

  • Naked in Dwawar, sometimes he used wear women dresses.
  • After death of Kafur, Mubarak Khan was freed from Prison and work as Regent for SHIHABUDDIN.
  • He capture the throne at the 1st time opportunity he got, but could not rule only for a years as he sank into debauchery and could not give up his dissipated lifestyle.
  • Mubarak Hassan or Khusrau Khan killed Mubarak Khan.


KHUSRAU KHAN ( 1320 )

  • He was killed by Gazi Malik goverbor of Dipalpur.
  • He brought End of KHILJI DYNASTY and established TUGHLAQ DYNASTY on the throne of Delhi.
  • Gazi Malik- Assuming the title "Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq"
       

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