Fundamental Duties of The Indian Constitution

  • Original Constitution only the fundamental rights, not the fundamental duties.
  •  In 1976, 10 fundamental duties were added by the 42nd Constitution Amendment, Later 86th Amendment in 2002 one more Fundamental Duties added, so present total of 11 fundamental duties in the Indian Constitution.
  • Fundamental Duties are inspired by the Constitution of the USSR.

  • In 1976, the Congress party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee for the necessity of which was felt during the operation of the Internal Emergency ( 1975-77 )
  • Congress Government accepted the recommendation and enacted the 42nd Constitution Amendment Act in 1976.
  • Added new part IV-A and only one Article 51A

  1. Abide of Constitution, the National flag and National Anthem.
  2. to follow noble ideas that inspired the National struggle for freedom.
  3. to uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  4. to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  5. to promote harmony and common brotherhood among all the people.
  6. Value and preserve the rich heritage.
  7. to protect and improve the Natural Environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife.
  8. to develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry and reform.
  9. to safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  10. to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels.
  11. to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the ages of six and fourteen years. This duty was added 86th Constitution Amendment Act. 2002.

  • Some of the duties for normal while others are civic duties.
  • The Fundamental Duties are confined to citizens only do not extend to foreigners.
  • Like the directive Principle, the Fundamental Duties are also non-justiciable.

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