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LODI DYNASTY

 BAHLOL LODI

  • The Lodi dynasty founded by BAHLOL LODI lasted for about 76 years. The dynasty derives its name from the afghan tribe as LODI
  • Bahlul's grandfather, Malik Bahram Lodi was a Pashtun from Multan, he took service under the governor of Multan
  • Malik Bahram had a total of about five sons, BAHLUL the son of Malik Kala, the younger brother of Malik Sultan was married to Malik Sultan's daughter
  • Bahlol Lodi was a courageous soldier successful general, a great diplomat, and a realist
  • Bahlol won the confidence cooperation and respect of Afghan nobles with his very amiable behavior. He gave them jagirs and high officers. He treated them as friends and considered himself as one of them.
EXPANSION

  • In 1479, Sultan Bahlul Lodi defeated and annexed the Sharqi dynasty based at Jaunpur. Bahlul did much to stop rebellions and uprising in his territories and extended his holding over Gwalior, Jaunpur, and upper Uttar Pradesh.
  • His second son Nizam Khan Sikandar Lodi was named successor and a power struggle ensued upon his death in July 1489
SIKANDAR LODI

  • Sikander Lodi is regarded as the greatest and most successful Sultan. Sikander Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as general as on education a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters.
  • SIKANDER was the second son of Sulatn Bahlul Lodi. He expanded the Lodi dynasty into the religions of Gwalior and Bihar. In 1489 Sikandar succeeded Bahlul Lodi as the Sultan of Delhi.
EXPANSION

  • Sikandar encouraged education particularly among children of Afghan nobles to make them cultured. He made mosques as centers of education.
  • He appointed one religious preacher, one teacher, and one scavenger in each mosque at state expense. His court was a center of learning and several scholars adorned it.
  • In 1516, he made a plan to capture Gwalior but an illness prevented him from doing so. Manasimha died in 1516 and Sikandar Lodi's illness also led to his death in Nov. 1517.

RELIGION

  • Despite his being a decent supervisor Sikandar Lodi did not believe in all religions.
  • Sikandar Lodi encouraged Hindus to follow Islam and for this reason, he utilized both sword and cash.
IBRAHIM LODI (1517 AD - 1526 AD )
  • He was born in 1480 AD. His rule continued from 1517-1526 AD. He died in 1528 AD and was succeeded by BABUR. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty and also the son of Sikandar Lodi ascended the throne in 1519.
  • He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar but was not blessed with the same ruling capability but it did not work.
  •  Ibrahim was impolite, obstinate and fresh. He failed to understand the character and sentiments of his own race i.e Afghan nobles.
  • On the other hand, the Afghan nobles desired that the Sultan should consider them as his associates or colleagues and on the other hand, to prove himself more powerful.
  • Ibrahim's actions provoked the rebellious nature of the Amirs who felt humiliated.
  • Rana Sangram Singh, the ruler of Mewar insulted Ibrahim by extending his empire up to Western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra.
FIRST BATTLE OF PANIPAT 1526 AD
  • Following are usually describe the main cause of the defeat of Ibrahim in spite of his having about 10 times more force than BABUR in the first battle of PANIPAT 1526 AD.
  • The use of Artillery and BABUR'S well-disciplined army lead to his defeat.
  • The defeat and death of Ibrahim Lodi led to the opening of a new chapter in the history of India. Ibrahim neither had the qualities of a great general nor that of a skillful diplomat. All these led to the fall of the Lodi Dynasty.
COLLAPSED
The armed forces of BABUR and Ibrahim Lodi conflicted with one another at PANIPAT on April 21, 1526, and Ibrahim notwithstanding the overpowering prevalence in numbers was crushed and killed. Thus the first battle of PANIPAT 1526 was the foundation of the MUGHAL kingdom in India.

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