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SAYYID DYNASTY

 KHIZR KHAN (1414 AD- 1421 AD)

  • Khizr Khan is Malik Sulaiman (28th May 1414 till 20th May 1421)
  • Founder of SAYYID DYNASTY
  • Rolling Dynasty of the DELHI SULTANATE, in Northern India soon after the invasion of TAIMUR and the fall of TUGHLAQ DYNASTY
  • KHIZIR KHAN was the GOVERNER of MULTAN under FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ
  • When TAIMUR invaded India, KHIZIR KHAN ( a sayyid from MULTAN ) joined him
  • TAIMUR appointed him the GOVERNOR of MULTAN and LAHORE
  • He then conquered DELHI and started the rules of SAYYIDS in 1414 in the name of TAIMUR
MUHAMMAD SHAH

  • KHIZIR KHAN was succeeded by his nephew MUHAMMAD SHAH
  • MUHAMMAD SHAH was a very weak ruler
  • The real authority of the Sultan extended merely 40 miles around Delhi
  • During his reign, disorder and mismanagement prevailed
  • Later on during the reign of MUHAMMAD SHAH, BAHLOL LODI tried to capture Delhi but he failed
MUBARAK SHAH

  • He claimed to be the DESCENDANT OF THE PROPHET
  • The seven years of his reign were spent in suppressing revolts in various part of India
  • MUBARAK SHAH was the son of KHIZIR KHAN. He came to the throne in 1421
  • He was a man of great vision, but the nobles were against him and kept revolting
  • MUBARAK SHAH builds a city on the bank of river JAMUNA and named it MUBARAKBAD. He was assassinated in a pot. 
ALAM SHAH

  • ALAM SHAH was a pleasure-loving, incompetent and weak king
  • He used to reside at BADAUN
  • According to some historians, He transfers his capital DELHI to BADAUN on account of fear of BAHLOL LODI, governor of LAHORE and Sir-hind
  • Taking advantage of his absence from Delhi, BAHLOL LODI occupied DELHI in 1451, ALAM SHAH continued to live at BADAUN till his death in 1748.


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